We can only consume less than 1 percent of all the water available for our consumption. The rest of the water in the ocean and the seas cannot be utilized for human consumption or has very little purpose for anything else. Water conservation is not only a hot topic these days not limited to over enthusiastic environmentalists but to governments as well. It is because we know that life on earth, whether human animal or plant is possible only because of the water supply. And of the consumable/usable kind. Over a period of times we have been experiencing decreasing levels of usable water. We are now slowly facing water shortages, with each year the drought seasons becoming longer than the previous and the price we pay for water increasing as faster. Efficient water collection is not a new term. For many many years’ people facing water shortages in different parts of the world have been collecting water using mechanisms unique to them to combat this problem. We can and should also attempt in our own way to efficiently collect water. Here are a few tips how you can get about doing so.
Stages in the process
There are basically three stages in efficiently collecting water no matter what type of method one uses. The three stages consist of collect, store and use. Consider how you can collect the water in the most efficient way and consider the quality of the water you collect. In storing water what techniques or equipment can you use? Most large-scale businesses would opt for collecting water in large rural water storage tanks, while for domestic use you can select that best fits that need. Points to consider here are cost and guarantee on securing long-term water quality and the strength of the storage unit itself. Consider if it is eco friendly. Finally, know why you are collecting the water, including having an understanding on when to use the water and how to use it.
How to collect your water
There are again said to be three traditional ways of collecting water: Roofs, bores and other. Provided that you keep your roof and gutters clean, water collected through method can also be used for drinking water. This is the most eco friendly means of collecting water. Even if we do not want to use it for drinking purposes we could use it for great many things around the house and outside as well. Harvesting water this way is efficient because it could reduce your water costs as it is actually free water, and could be free of any salt or chemical or other contamination (this is provided your roof and its parts are kept clean). Even if it is not there are easy sustainable methods that can be used to have the water purified to a point where it becomes drinkable. Although boreholes could also provide you with water it could have an adverse effect on the ground water levels. Also could be slightly more expensive too if you do use electrical pumping. The final option of other actually refers to wells and pipelines that do not belong to you. Basically you pay for your water consumption.
However it would be best to explore the option of efficient water collection through rainwater, as it will be in abundance in the season, and with good storage facilities it would also be a one time investment giving you long term benefits of reducing costs and fresh and safe water.